Fall of Communism

Fall of Communism


>>>WHAT MORE FITTING CLOSE TO 1989 THAN A PARTY AT THE BERLIN WALL. THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE HAVE GATHERED AT THE WALL, MANY OF THEM ARMED WITH HAMMERS AND CHISELS TO CHIP AWAY AT THE REMNANTS OF A COMMUNIST SYSTEM THAT SEEMED TO COLLAPSE OVERNIGHT. >>THIS ENORMOUS CELEBRATION WHICH WAS SPONTANEOUS OVERSHADOWED THE OFFICIAL CEREMONY ATTENDED BY THE LEADERS OF BOTH EAST AND WEST GERMANY.>>PRESIDENT BUSH SENT A SIGNAL TO MIKHAIL GORBACHEV TODAY, THERE WILL BE NO GLOATING FROM THE WHITE HOUSE OVER THE DEVELOPMENTS IN EAST GERMANY. >>I WAS IN THE OVAL OFFICE AS PART OF A POOL WHEN THE WALL CAME DOWN. >>YOU DON’T SEEM ELATED AND I’M WONDERING IF YOU’RE THINKING OF THE PROBLEMS. >>I’M NOT AN EMOTIONAL KIND OF GUY. >>BUSH BASICALLY SAID IN EFFECT, I’M NOT GOING TO POKE GORBACHEV IN THE EYE. >>PRESIDENT GEORGE H.W. BUSH DID COME INTO HIS PRESIDENCY IN THE SHADOW OF RONALD REAGAN BUT MAYBE WE HAD ELECTED THE RIGHT MAN AT THE RIGHT TIME BECAUSE HE WAS AS INTERNATIONALIST. >>YOU HAD HAD 50 YEARS OF THE COLD WAR, TWO VISIONS OF THE WORLD LOCKED IN COMBAT, AND THEN SUDDENLY A WHOLE WORLD OF TOTALITARIAN RULE BEGAN TO FALL. BUSH WAS QUITE CAUTIOUS. HE WAS REALLY AWARE THAT EVEN SUBTLE MESSAGES FROM THE UNITED STATES COULD INDICATE ALL SORTS OF THINGS.>>WHEN THE WALL FELL IN BERLIN, THE QUESTIONS WERE NUMEROUS. I MEAN, RIGHT AWAY, WHAT’S GOING TO BECOME OF EUROPE.>>BULGARIA IS UNDER A STATE OF ALERT THIS MORNING. ANTI-COMMUNIST PROTESTERS SET FIRE TO THE HEADQUARTERS OF BULGARIA’S GOVERNING SOCIALIST PARTY AND CHANTED “LET THE COMMUNISTS BURN.” >>TENS OF THOUSANDS OF ORDINARY CITIZENS STORMED THE HEADQUARTERS OF THE HATED SECRET POLICE TONIGHT. >>THE SCENES IN THIS MOMENT ARE INCREDIBLY DRAMATIC. PEOPLE IN THE STREETS PROCLAIMING FREEDOM. SOME OF THAT WAS LIBERATION. SOME OF IT HAD A DARKER SIDE. >>ROMANIA’S DICTATOR, THE LAST HARD LINE LEADER IN THE WARSAW PACT HAS BEEN DEPOSED BY A POPULAR UPRISING.>ROMANIA WAS THE MOST OPPRESSIVE AND MOST GROTESQUE. THE ONLY WAY TO OVERTHROW THIS REGIME TURNED OUT TO BE BY FORCE. >>FIERCE FIGHTING ERUPTED IN BUCHAREST. THE OLD GUARD IS FIGHTING THE NEW PEOPLE. ALL HELL HAS BROKEN LOOSE. >>ROMANIAN TELEVISION AIRED EVIDENCE TODAY OF THE FATE OF DEPOSED LEADER CEAUSESCU. >>THE CEAUSESCUS HAD BEEN MADE TO STAND TRIAL ON CHRISTMAS DAY.>>IN THE END, HE GOT THE KIND OF JUSTICE THAT HE HAD DEALT OUT TO MANY OF HIS SUBJECTS.>>AT THE END OF THIS REMARKABLE WEEK, A WEEK OF BLOOD SHED IN ROMANIA AND ELSEWHERE COMES A REMINDER TONIGHT OF WHAT THE STRUGGLE IS ALL ABOUT. IT’S ABOUT FREEDOM AND THE REMINDER COMES FROM BERLIN. >>GERMANY WAS NOT JUST THE SYMBOL OF THE COLD WAR. IT WAS THE FIRST GREAT CRISIS OF THE COLD WAR. >>WILL GERMANY BE REUNIFIED? TOGETHER, OF COURSE, THEY WOULD FORM AN ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL POWER, BUT WOULD A GIANT GERMANY STATE ONCE AGAIN DOMINATE EUROPE? THE MEMORIES ARE VERY REAL, OF COURSE.>>MANY EUROPEANS WERE VERY WARY OF REUNITING GERMANY. THEY LIKED THE IDEA THAT THERE WERE TWO GERMANYS AND THAT GERMANY WAS THEREFORE WEAKER.>>WHEN THE EUROPEAN LEADERSHIP SAW THE UNITED STATES FAVORING A UNITED GERMANY, THEY WERE EXTREMELY UNEASY AND RESISTED. ALL THE SAME PRESIDENT BUSH AND SECRETARY BAKER THOUGHT THIS WAS ESSENTIAL AND IT WAS RIGHT. >>WE HAVE ENTERED A NEW ERA IN WORLD AFFAIRS, THE MOMENT WHEN THE ACTIONS WE TAKE CAN SHAPE OF THIS NEW WORLD FOR YEARS TO COME.>>GEORGE BUSH’S GOAL WAS TO GET GERMANY TO UNIFY WITHIN NATO.>>THE WHITE HOUSE WHILE REPEATING THAT THE BASIC PRINCIPLE OF GERMAN MEMBERSHIP OF NATO IS THE NOT NEGOTIABLE DOES APPEAR TO BE PUTTING A MAJOR EFFORT INTO ADDRESSING SOVIET FEARS AND FINDING A FORMULA WHICH MR. GORBACHEV CAN ACCEPT. >>GEORGE BUSH UNDERSTOOD HE HAD A PARTNER IN SHAPING THE POST-WAR WORLD, AND THAT PARTNER WAS MIKHAIL GORBACHEV. BUT GORBACHEV WANTED TO BE NEUTRAL. BUSH ALWAYS WANTED A UNIFIED GERMANY AND A VERY DISCIPLINED MANNER, MOVED GORBACHEV TOWARDS THAT POSITION.>>IN A MAJOR CONCESSION, GORBACHEV AGREED TO THE WESTERN POSITION THAT A UNIFIED GERMANY IS FREE TO JOIN NATO. >>ONCE YOU SOLVED THE GERMAN PROBLEM, YOU REMOVED THE BASIC SOURCE OF TENSION BETWEEN THE TWO THE SUPERPOWERS IN THE COLD WAR. >>THIS IS THE BIG PHOTO OPPORTUNITY, THE IMPORTANT PICTURE THAT PRESIDENT BUSH CAME ALL THIS WAY TO GET AT THIS MOMENT, GORBACHEV CHOOSES TO GIVE PRESIDENT BUSH HIS PRESENT. THE PRESENT WAS A SOVIET CARTOONIST’ DEPICTION OF TWO PRESIDENTS AS BOXERS HAVING JUST KNOCKED OUT THE COLD WAR WITH THE WORLD AS REFEREE. >>GEORGE BUSH AND BRENT SCOWCROFT, HIS NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISER LIKED TO FISH TOGETHER AND ONE SUMMER, THEY WERE FISHING AND THEY WERE THINKING ABOUT WHAT KIND OF WORLD WOULD EMERGE AFTER ALL THE DOMINOS HAD FALLEN. IT’S VERY RARE THAT THE WORLD IS SO FLUID AND FLEXIBLE THAT WORLD LEADERS CAN THINK THIS WAY, TALKING ABOUT WHAT THE WORLD SHOULD BE, WHAT IT COULD BE. WHAT THEY IMAGINED WAS THE WORLD THAT DIDN’T HAPPEN AFTER WORLD WAR II. THE WORLD OF COLLECTIVE SECURITY OF BIG POWERS, SHARING RESPONSIBILITY PREVENTING WAR. THEY USED THE TERM NEW WORLD ORDER. HOW DO YOU ACHIEVE IT?

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